While having white teeth is an attractive feature, you also need to mind how your gums look. If your gums shrink or pull back from the surface of the tooth, it can negatively affect your smile. Receding gums may be an aesthetic issue, but it can also be a form of gingivitis/periodontal disease or a consequence of poor hygiene.
Here are some of the other factors that can contribute to the recession of the tissue:
- Long-term aggressive brushing
- Buildup of tartar or hardened plaque
- Bruxism or teeth grinding
- Crowding of teeth
- Autoimmune diseases
- Hormonal changes (women)
Signs and Symptoms
Dental offices in Payson note that gingival recession is typical in older adults or those 40 years and older. This is why many consider it as a part of aging, even though it isn’t. Younger adults may also notice gum recession. Common signs and symptoms include:
- Red and swollen gums
- Bleeding after brushing or flossing teeth
- Bad breath or halitosis
- Exposed tooth root
- Noticeable shrinking of gums
- Discomfort at the gum line
Complications and Seeking Treatment
It is essential to keep in mind that when there is not enough gum tissue to hold the tooth root in place, your teeth are at increased risk of falling out. If you already have loose teeth, your dentist may recommend removing them before they fall out.
The good news is, you can prevent receding gums with regular dental checkups and cleanings. Your dentist can also detect and address the early signs of gum disease. Good oral hygiene can also prevent teeth and gum problems. These include regular brushing twice a day and flossing once daily.
If you already have receding gums, it is best to see your dentist to determine the best treatment. This will depend on the severity of the recession. Your dentist may also use medications to treat the underlying problem. You should also see a dentist if you have gum disease. This is to address the problem early on and keep it from progressing.